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# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
# or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file
# distributed with this work for additional information
# regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file
# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
# with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
# "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
# KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the
# specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
from __future__ import unicode_literals
from __future__ import absolute_import
import logging
import json
import hmac
import hashlib
import time
import socket
import ssl
import requests
from bson import ObjectId
from tg import expose, validate, redirect, flash, config
from tg.decorators import with_trailing_slash, without_trailing_slash
from tg import tmpl_context as c
from tg import response, request
from formencode import validators as fev, schema, Invalid
from ming.odm import session
from webob import exc
from pymongo.errors import DuplicateKeyError
from paste.deploy.converters import asint, aslist
from allura.app import AdminControllerMixin
from allura.controllers import BaseController
from allura.lib import helpers as h
from allura.lib import validators as v
from allura.lib.decorators import require_post, task
from allura.lib.utils import DateJSONEncoder
from allura import model as M
import six
from six.moves import map
log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
class WebhookValidator(fev.FancyValidator):
def __init__(self, sender, app, **kw):
self.app = app
self.sender = sender
super(WebhookValidator, self).__init__(**kw)
def _to_python(self, value, state):
wh = None
if isinstance(value, M.Webhook):
wh = value
elif isinstance(value, ObjectId):
wh = M.Webhook.query.get(_id=value)
else:
try:
wh = M.Webhook.query.get(_id=ObjectId(value))
except Exception:
pass
if wh and wh.type == self.sender.type and wh.app_config_id == self.app.config._id:
return wh
raise Invalid('Invalid webhook', value, state)
class WebhookCreateForm(schema.Schema):
url = fev.URL(not_empty=True)
secret = v.UnicodeString()
class WebhookEditForm(WebhookCreateForm):
def __init__(self, sender, app):
super(WebhookEditForm, self).__init__()
self.add_field('webhook', WebhookValidator(
sender=sender, app=app, not_empty=True))
class WebhookControllerMeta(type):
def __call__(cls, sender, app, *args, **kw):
"""Decorate post handlers with a validator that references
the appropriate webhook sender for this controller.
"""
if hasattr(cls, 'create'):
cls.create = validate(
cls.create_form(),
error_handler=getattr(cls.index, '__func__', cls.index),
)(cls.create)
if hasattr(cls, 'edit'):
cls.edit = validate(
cls.edit_form(sender, app),
error_handler=getattr(cls._default, '__func__', cls._default),
)(cls.edit)
return type.__call__(cls, sender, app, *args, **kw)
class WebhookController(six.with_metaclass(WebhookControllerMeta, BaseController, AdminControllerMixin)):
create_form = WebhookCreateForm
edit_form = WebhookEditForm
def __init__(self, sender, app):
super(WebhookController, self).__init__()
self.sender = sender()
self.app = app
def gen_secret(self):
return h.cryptographic_nonce(20)
def update_webhook(self, wh, url, secret=None):
if not secret:
secret = self.gen_secret()
wh.hook_url = url
wh.secret = secret
try:
session(wh).flush(wh)
except DuplicateKeyError:
session(wh).expunge(wh)
msg = '_the_form: "{}" webhook already exists for {} {}'.format(
wh.type, self.app.config.options.mount_label, url)
raise Invalid(msg, None, None)
@with_trailing_slash
@expose('jinja:allura:templates/webhooks/create_form.html')
def index(self, **kw):
if not c.form_values and kw:
# Executes if update_webhook raises an error
c.form_values = {'url': kw.get('url'),
'secret': kw.get('secret')}
return {'sender': self.sender,
'action': 'create',
'form': self.create_form()}
@expose('jinja:allura:templates/webhooks/create_form.html') # needed when we "return self.index(...)"
@require_post()
# @validate set dynamically in WebhookControllerMeta
def create(self, url, secret):
if self.sender.enforce_limit(self.app):
webhook = M.Webhook(
type=self.sender.type,
app_config_id=self.app.config._id)
try:
self.update_webhook(webhook, url, secret)
except Invalid as e:
# trigger error_handler directly
c.form_errors['_the_form'] = e
return self.index(url=url, secret=secret)
M.AuditLog.log('add webhook %s %s %s',
webhook.type, webhook.hook_url,
webhook.app_config.url())
flash('Created successfully', 'ok')
else:
flash('You have exceeded the maximum number of webhooks '
'you are allowed to create for this project/app', 'error')
redirect(self.app.admin_url + 'webhooks')
@expose('jinja:allura:templates/webhooks/create_form.html') # needed when we "return self._default(...)"
@require_post()
# @validate set dynamically in WebhookControllerMeta
def edit(self, webhook, url, secret):
old_url = webhook.hook_url
old_secret = webhook.secret
try:
self.update_webhook(webhook, url, secret)
except Invalid as e:
# trigger error_handler directly
c.form_errors['_the_form'] = e
return self._default(webhook=webhook, url=url, secret=secret)
M.AuditLog.log('edit webhook %s\n%s => %s\n%s',
webhook.type, old_url, url,
'secret changed' if old_secret != secret else '')
flash('Edited successfully', 'ok')
redirect(self.app.admin_url + 'webhooks')
@expose('json:')
@require_post()
def delete(self, webhook, **kw):
form = self.edit_form(self.sender, self.app)
try:
wh = form.fields['webhook'].to_python(webhook)
except Invalid:
raise exc.HTTPNotFound()
wh.delete()
M.AuditLog.log('delete webhook %s %s %s',
wh.type, wh.hook_url, wh.app_config.url())
return {'status': 'ok'}
@without_trailing_slash
@expose('jinja:allura:templates/webhooks/create_form.html')
def _default(self, webhook, **kw):
form = self.edit_form(self.sender, self.app)
try:
wh = form.fields['webhook'].to_python(webhook)
except Invalid:
raise exc.HTTPNotFound()
c.form_values = {'url': kw.get('url') or wh.hook_url,
'secret': kw.get('secret') or wh.secret,
'webhook': six.text_type(wh._id)}
return {'sender': self.sender,
'action': 'edit',
'form': form}
class WebhookRestController(BaseController):
def __init__(self, sender, app):
super(WebhookRestController, self).__init__()
self.sender = sender()
self.app = app
self.create_form = WebhookController.create_form
self.edit_form = WebhookController.edit_form
def _error(self, e):
error = getattr(e, 'error_dict', None)
if error:
_error = {}
for k, val in six.iteritems(error):
_error[k] = six.text_type(val)
return _error
error = getattr(e, 'msg', None)
if not error:
error = getattr(e, 'message', '')
return error
def update_webhook(self, wh, url, secret=None):
controller = WebhookController(self.sender.__class__, self.app)
controller.update_webhook(wh, url, secret)
@expose('json:')
@require_post()
def index(self, **kw):
response.content_type = str('application/json')
try:
params = {'secret': kw.pop('secret', ''),
'url': kw.pop('url', None)}
valid = self.create_form().to_python(params)
except Exception as e:
response.status_int = 400
return {'result': 'error', 'error': self._error(e)}
if self.sender.enforce_limit(self.app):
webhook = M.Webhook(
type=self.sender.type,
app_config_id=self.app.config._id)
try:
self.update_webhook(webhook, valid['url'], valid['secret'])
except Invalid as e:
response.status_int = 400
return {'result': 'error', 'error': self._error(e)}
M.AuditLog.log('add webhook %s %s %s',
webhook.type, webhook.hook_url,
webhook.app_config.url())
response.status_int = 201
# refetch updated values (e.g. mod_date)
session(webhook).expunge(webhook)
webhook = M.Webhook.query.get(_id=webhook._id)
return webhook.__json__()
else:
limits = {
'max': M.Webhook.max_hooks(
self.sender.type,
self.app.config.tool_name),
'used': M.Webhook.query.find({
'type': self.sender.type,
'app_config_id': self.app.config._id,
}).count(),
}
resp = {
'result': 'error',
'error': 'You have exceeded the maximum number of webhooks '
'you are allowed to create for this project/app',
'limits': limits,
}
response.status_int = 400
return resp
@expose('json:')
def _default(self, webhook, **kw):
form = self.edit_form(self.sender, self.app)
try:
wh = form.fields['webhook'].to_python(webhook)
except Invalid:
raise exc.HTTPNotFound()
if request.method == 'POST':
return self._edit(wh, form, **kw)
elif request.method == 'DELETE':
return self._delete(wh)
else:
return wh.__json__()
def _edit(self, webhook, form, **kw):
old_secret = webhook.secret
old_url = webhook.hook_url
try:
params = {'secret': kw.pop('secret', old_secret),
'url': kw.pop('url', old_url),
'webhook': six.text_type(webhook._id)}
valid = form.to_python(params)
except Exception as e:
response.status_int = 400
return {'result': 'error', 'error': self._error(e)}
try:
self.update_webhook(webhook, valid['url'], valid['secret'])
except Invalid as e:
response.status_int = 400
return {'result': 'error', 'error': self._error(e)}
M.AuditLog.log(
'edit webhook %s\n%s => %s\n%s',
webhook.type, old_url, valid['url'],
'secret changed' if old_secret != valid['secret'] else '')
# refetch updated values (e.g. mod_date)
session(webhook).expunge(webhook)
webhook = M.Webhook.query.get(_id=webhook._id)
return webhook.__json__()
def _delete(self, webhook):
webhook.delete()
M.AuditLog.log(
'delete webhook %s %s %s',
webhook.type,
webhook.hook_url,
webhook.app_config.url())
return {'result': 'ok'}
class SendWebhookHelper(object):
def __init__(self, webhook, payload):
self.webhook = webhook
self.payload = payload
@property
def timeout(self):
return asint(config.get('webhook.timeout', 30))
@property
def retries(self):
t = aslist(config.get('webhook.retry', [60, 120, 240]))
return list(map(int, t))
def sign(self, json_payload):
signature = hmac.new(
self.webhook.secret.encode('utf-8'),
json_payload.encode('utf-8'),
hashlib.sha1)
return 'sha1=' + signature.hexdigest()
def log_msg(self, msg, response=None):
message = '{}: {} {} {}'.format(
msg,
self.webhook.type,
self.webhook.hook_url,
self.webhook.app_config.url())
if response is not None:
message = '{} {} {} {}'.format(
message,
response.status_code,
response.text,
response.headers)
return message
def send(self):
json_payload = json.dumps(self.payload, cls=DateJSONEncoder)
signature = self.sign(json_payload)
headers = {'content-type': 'application/json',
'User-Agent': 'Allura Webhook (https://allura.apache.org/)',
'X-Allura-Signature': signature}
ok = self._send(self.webhook.hook_url, json_payload, headers)
if not ok:
log.info('Retrying webhook in: %s', self.retries)
for t in self.retries:
log.info('Retrying webhook in %s seconds', t)
time.sleep(t)
ok = self._send(self.webhook.hook_url, json_payload, headers)
if ok:
return
def _send(self, url, data, headers):
try:
r = requests.post(
url,
data=data,
headers=headers,
timeout=self.timeout)
except (requests.exceptions.RequestException,
socket.timeout,
ssl.SSLError):
log.exception(self.log_msg('Webhook send error'))
return False
if r.status_code >= 200 and r.status_code < 300:
log.info(self.log_msg('Webhook successfully sent'))
return True
else:
log.error(self.log_msg('Webhook send error', response=r))
return False
@task()
def send_webhook(webhook_id, payload):
webhook = M.Webhook.query.get(_id=webhook_id)
SendWebhookHelper(webhook, payload).send()
class WebhookSender(object):
"""Base class for webhook senders.
Subclasses are required to implement :meth:`get_payload()` and set
:attr:`type` and :attr:`triggered_by`.
"""
type = None
triggered_by = []
controller = WebhookController
api_controller = WebhookRestController
def get_payload(self, **kw):
"""Return a dict with webhook payload"""
raise NotImplementedError('get_payload')
def send(self, params_or_list):
"""Post a task that will send webhook payload
:param params_or_list: dict with keyword parameters to be passed to
:meth:`get_payload` or a list of such dicts. If it's a list for each
element appropriate payload will be submitted, but limit will be
enforced only once for each webhook.
"""
if not isinstance(params_or_list, list):
params_or_list = [params_or_list]
webhooks = M.Webhook.query.find(dict(
app_config_id=c.app.config._id,
type=self.type,
)).all()
if webhooks:
payloads = [self.get_payload(**params)
for params in params_or_list]
for webhook in webhooks:
if webhook.enforce_limit():
webhook.update_limit()
for payload in payloads:
send_webhook.post(webhook._id, payload)
else:
log.warn('Webhook fires too often: %s. Skipping', webhook)
def enforce_limit(self, app):
'''
Checks if limit of webhooks created for given project/app is reached.
Returns False if limit is reached, True otherwise.
'''
count = M.Webhook.query.find(dict(
app_config_id=app.config._id,
type=self.type,
)).count()
limit = M.Webhook.max_hooks(self.type, app.config.tool_name)
return count < limit
class RepoPushWebhookSender(WebhookSender):
type = 'repo-push'
triggered_by = ['git', 'hg', 'svn']
def _before(self, repo, commit_ids):
if len(commit_ids) > 0:
ci = commit_ids[-1]
parents = repo.commit(ci).parent_ids
if len(parents) > 0:
# Merge commit will have multiple parents. As far as I can tell
# the last one will be the branch head before merge
return self._convert_id(parents[-1])
return ''
def _after(self, commit_ids):
if len(commit_ids) > 0:
return self._convert_id(commit_ids[0])
return ''
def _convert_id(self, _id):
if ':' in _id:
_id = 'r' + _id.rsplit(':', 1)[1]
return _id
def get_payload(self, commit_ids, **kw):
app = kw.get('app') or c.app
commits = [app.repo.commit(ci).webhook_info for ci in commit_ids]
for ci in commits:
ci['id'] = self._convert_id(ci['id'])
before = self._before(app.repo, commit_ids)
after = self._after(commit_ids)
payload = {
'size': len(commits),
'commits': commits,
'before': before,
'after': after,
'repository': {
'name': app.config.options.mount_label,
'full_name': app.url,
'url': h.absurl(app.url),
},
}
if kw.get('ref'):
payload['ref'] = kw['ref']
return payload